Urban infrastructure regeneration projects
There is no doubt that the High Line's achievement pushed urban renewal into the forefront and also made its own mark on public consciousness. Within our first episode of case studies linked to our program's area of practice and research, we have decided to emphasize similar projects between infrastructural renewal which are possibly less known but equally as important to the practice of urban planning through time. This is our roundup of all infrastructure regeneration projects, which concentrates on the conversion of infrastructure such as highways or railroads into public parks, transit systems and civic areas.
1. Embarcadero San Francisco, CA, USA -- It had been the irreparable harm in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake which eventually forced the Embarcadero Freeway into demolition, and in 2002 it had been replaced with a lively multi-use boulevard made by ROMA Design Group that gave rise to a new public plaza and waterfront promenade. Juan Amarillo Greenway, Bogotá, Colombia -- Throughout the 1990's plans to construct an elevated highway known as the Inner Ring Expressway were scrapped in favour of Penalosa's 45-kilometer greenway that connects low-lying areas to the Caribbean, also contains a mass-transit system which revolutionized bus rapid transit and conveys 1.8 million individuals, and more than 300 km of bicycle lanes. Downtown Milwaukee, WI, USA -- Because of people demonstration because of its disturbance of the neighborhood road grid, the Park East Freeway which began building in 1971 was soon stopped and just in 2003, was replaced by a surface boulevard that reconnected the road grid and sparked new areas like East Pointe and a community of stores and residential improvements. Tom McCall Waterfront Park, Portland, OR, USA -- recognized the first significant highway to be deliberately eliminated, Habor Drive was constructed in 1950 and the then-governor's service was transformed in 1978 to a 37-acre shore park which led the way for wider urban redevelopment and much more streamlined and pedestrian-friendly progress.
5. Cheonggyecheon Restoration job, Seoul, South Korea -- In the late 1970's that a four-lane elevated street was constructed beneath the Cheonggyecheon creek nearby downtown Seoul which formerly functioned as drainage for the city before the 40's. After security concerns and much disagreement, the expressway has been become a pedestrian park in 2005 that recovered the river, diminished the amount of automobiles in the region and improved the use of public transit.
Klyde Warren Park, Dallas, TX, USA -- Improving this autumn, the Evolution of the Klyde Warren Park started in 2009 has generated an urban green area within the Woodall Rodgers Freeway with the aim of providing connectivity to the town's booming Arts District. Atlanta Beltline, GA, USA -- This demanding urban renewal job boasts a 35km public transit, trails, and parks loop round the core of the town on the website of an abandoned railroad and industrial corridor, linking over 40 diverse areas, city colleges, historical and cultural sites, shopping districts and public parks. The project intends to increase transportation and include green area and encourage redevelopment.
8. Promenade Plantée, Paris, France -- A version for its High Line since the very first elevated park on the planet, this green promenade in Paris designed by landscape architect Jacques Vergely and architect Philippe Mathieux was assembled in 1994-2000 atop an abandoned 19th century railroad viaduct that runs out of the Bastille Opera into the eastern town limits and which currently harbors the Viaduc des Arts.
9. Santa Monica Boulevard Master Plan, CA, USA -- There has been a time, not too long ago, in which"you chose your own life in your hands simply to cross Santa Monica Boulevard," explained Jeff Prang, a part of the West Hollywood City Council. The redesign of this boulevard--a portion of this historical Route 66-- which began in 1997 led to a comprehensive road, a multi-modal thoroughfare with flourishing businesses, green and affordable housing developments, civic areas, and public artwork.
10. Madrid Rio, Spain -- The newly finished 8km long park at Madrid reclaims the Manzanares riverfront and reconnects neighborhoods the M-30 ring road highway had cut away from the city centre and cost $4.5 billion to bury underground. Equipped with green spaces, footbridges, bicycle paths, pedestrian lanes, wading pools for toddlers and a public plaza, the evolution was criticized because of its high prices and more lately for conflicting rate limits for cyclists, absence of public bathrooms and eroded landscaping, even though generally the park is a welcome sight for acquaintances that long ago needed to place using a noisy eyesore.